12 December 2021, by
Part III: The Roman World
Napoleon, in a conversation which he once had with Goethe on the nature of Tragedy, expressed the opinion that its modern phase differed from the ancient, through our no longer recognizing a Destiny to which men are absolutely subject, and that Policy occupies the place of the ancient Fate [La politique est fatalité]. This therefore he thought must be used as the modern form of Destiny in Tragedy – the irresistible power of circumstances to which individuality must (...)
11 December 2021, by
Part I: The Oriental World
We have to begin with the Oriental World, but not before the period in which we discover States in it. The diffusion of Language and the formation of races lie beyond the limits of History. History is prose, and myths fall short of History. The consciousness of external definite existence only arises in connection with the power to form abstract distinctions and assign abstract predicates; and in proportion as a capacity for expressing Laws (of (...)
10 December 2021, by
Part II: The Greek World
Among the Greeks we feel ourselves immediately at home, for we are in the region of Spirit; and though the origin of the nation, as also its philological peculiarities, may be traced farther – even to India – the proper Emergence, the true Palingenesis of Spirit must be looked for in Greece first. At an earlier stage I compared the Greek world with the period of adolescence; not, indeed, in that sense, that youth bears within it a serious, (...)
7 December 2021, by
BACON – HEGEL’S PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY
There was already being accomplished the abandonment of the content which lies beyond us, and which through its form has lost the merit it possessed of being true, and is become of no significance to self-consciousness or the certainty of self and of its actuality; this we see for the first time consciously expressed, though not as yet in a very perfect form, by Francis Bacon, Baron Verulam, Viscount St. Albans. He is therefore instanced as in the (...)
5 December 2021, by
A Tragic Lesson
In the death of Ignace Reiss there is an element of great tragedy.
By breaking with the Comintern and the G.P.U. Reiss gave proof of his courage as a revolutionist. He knew better than anybody else the danger that threatened his transfer of allegiance from the camp of the Thermidorian hellhounds to the camp of revolution. Reiss’s conduct could have been dictated only by high ideological considerations, and thereby alone he has earned respect (...)
4 December 2021, by
C.L.R. James 1947
Dialectical Materialism and the Fate of Humanity
Mankind has obviously reached the end of something. The crisis is absolute. Bourgeois civilisation is falling apart, and even while it collapses, devotes its main energies to the preparation of further holocausts. Not remote states on the periphery but regimes contending for world power achieve the most advanced stages of barbarism known to history. What civilised states have ever approached Nazi Germany and Stalinist (...)
3 December 2021, by
Philosophy of History
Geographical Basis of History.
Contrasted with the universality of the moral Whole and with the unity of that individuality which is its active principle, the natural connection that helps to produce the Spirit of a People, appears an extrinsic element; but inasmuch as we must regard it as the ground on which that Spirit plays its part, it is an essential and necessary basis. We began with the assertion that, in the History of the World, the Idea of (...)
29 September 2021, by
Workers’ Control of Production
In answering your question I will endeavor to jot down here, as a preliminary to an exchange of opinions, a few general considerations pertaining to the slogan of workers’ control of production.
The first question that arises in this connection is: Can we picture workers’ control of production as a stable regime, not everlasting, of course, but of quite long duration? In order to reply to the question it is necessary to determine (...)
31 May 2021, by
Hegel in English
The Philosophy of Nature
The Philosophy of Spirit
The Science of Logic
Hegel’s Phenomenology of Mind
Elements of the Philosophy of Right
Lectures on the Philosophy of History
Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion
Lectures on the History of Philosophy
Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1830) Part One
Hegel’s Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Outline
The Doctrine of the Essence
The Legacy of Hegel
Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy in General, by (...)
24 December 2020, by
“Jim Crow in Los Angeles”, Hal Draper, 1947
Over a hundred thousand people in Los Angeles live in a concentration camp.
Not the kind you read about over in Europe. No barbed wire, no gas chambers. That isn’t the only thing that makes a concentration camp.
Racial segregation, restriction of liberty, brutality in uniform, vigilante storm-troopers on the loose – these make the concentration camps that exist in American cities, and in Los Angeles.
They are the Jim Crow ghettos. Behind them is (...)